As we age, the skin droops and develops wrinkles, lines and furrows. Depending on your skin type, you may find your skin to be pre-disposed to wrinkling. But thanks to diligent research and new advances, there are a number of solutions to combat facial lines.
CAUSES OF FACIAL LINES
In addition to aging, facial lines can form because of the following:
Sun damage (Fine lines and wrinkles arise because of irregular thickening of the dermis and because of a decrease in the amount of water held by the epidermis. caused mainly by sun damage.) (Read more at Sun Damaged Skin)
Muscle movement / Dynamic lines (People tend to smile or frown more on one side than the other, or consistently sleep on the right or the left cheek. Crow’s feet around the eyes are due to smiling and activity of the eyelid muscles. Worry lines on the forehead are due to contraction of the muscle when raising the eyebrows)
Gravity is responsible for folds in the skin.
WHAT TREATMENT IS AVAILABLE?
See your dermatologist for information about what might work well for you, which could include (Also see treatments for sundamaged skin):
Topical agents which produce collagen in the skin, Vitamin A acids (Tazarotene, Tretinoin, Adapelene) and Vitamin C or alpha Hydroxy acids
Microdermabrasion has a very modest benefit for very fine lines
Injectionable fillers such as Restylane (Hyaluronic acid)
Botox for dynamic lines (Check-out www.BotoxFacts.ca)
Lasers. Traditionally the CO2 and Erbium lasers (ablative) were used to essentially peel off a layer of skin and then allow a new skin to grow in. Results were impressive but the healing time of many weeks and sometimes months of redness has reduced the use of this approach. Patients with darker skin would often end up with darker skin and those with very fair skin sometimes white skin
Plastic surgery is usually used to improve skin folds rather than fine lines and wrinkles
The newer non-ablative laser treatments do not have the down time of the older methods nor do they have the degree of improvement. Repeat treatments with lasers …